Kindergarten (also called preschool) is a program for 3 and 4 year old children delivered by a qualified early childhood teacher.
A kindergarten program is an early childhood education program planned and delivered by a qualified early childhood teacher. Kindergarten programs are run in children’s centres, child care centres, community kindergartens and in some schools. All ECKA kindergartens/preschools offer a kindergarten program that complies with the state government and display a kindergarten certificate.
The kindergarten program should link in to the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF), which identifies five learning outcomes for all children from birth to eight years. Each learning outcome is targeted to develop the kind of knowledge and skills children need to be confident and happy through their life. The Learning Framework outcomes are that children will:
Outcome 1: Children have a strong sense of identity – Children feel safe, secure and supported.
In order to form a strong sense of self, children need to build secure relationships first within the family and then with caring, attentive adults in other settings.
Outcome 2: Children are connected with and contribute to their world – Children develop a sense of belonging to groups and communities and an understanding of the reciprocal rights and responsibilities necessary for active civic participation.
Over time and with opportunity and support, the ways in which children connect and participate with others increase. Participating in their communities strengthens children’s sense of identity and wellbeing.
Outcome 3: Children have a strong sense of wellbeing – Children become strong in their social, emotional and spiritual wellbeing.
During early childhood, the foundations for social, emotional and spiritual wellbeing are laid.
Outcome 4: Children are confident and involved learners – Children develop dispositions for learning such as curiosity, cooperation, confidence, creativity, commitment, enthusiasm, persistence, imagination and reflexivity
Outcome 5: Children are effective communicators
Children interact verbally and non-verbally with others for a range of purposes.
Kindergarten is an important step for young children and is strongly recommended for all children.
Research shows that kindergarten improves children’s health and wellbeing, helps them to develop strong social skills and encourages a love of learning.
Children who go to a kindergarten program are more independent and confident and are more likely to make a smooth transition to primary school (Prep). Kindergarten programs provide a good foundation for children, on which they will build and develop through primary school and beyond.
A high-quality kindergarten program will offer your child a range of learning experiences and activities that are both stimulating and fun. Your child’s learning and curiosity will be encouraged through experiences and activities, such as exploring the natural world, being exposed to new ideas and solving problems.
Your child will be able to:
- learn to work with others and make friends through group activities and cooperative play
- express their creativity, for example, through dance, movement and art
- build their communication skills by listening to and having conversations with the educators and other children
- develop the skills that they need for reading, writing and mathematics.
A broad experience
Attending a kindergarten program provides an opportunity for your child to learn about their world alongside other children. By attending a kindergarten program, your child will develop a range of life skills, including:
- working with others in a group by listening to, and respecting the ideas of others
- sharing and handling conflicts with other children
- building self-awareness and confidence through play-based exploration
- developing new relationships with adults
- making new friends
Kindergarten provides a safe and supportive place for your child to explore their capacity for learning through play. Children learn at different rates, in different ways and at different times.
When attending kindergarten, your child will have the opportunity to:
- develop independence by taking part in the routines of the program
- extend their vocabulary and communication skills
- develop and enhance their reading and writing skills
- begin to explore numeracy and science
- develop future learning and enquiry skills by exploring different ways of learning and problem solving
Children learn more quickly in their first 5 years of life than any other time. Kindergarten provides children with an environment that encourages and supports their development. Kindergarten gives your child the opportunity to explore the world and gives them a solid foundation to learn the skills that are required for Primary School.
Kindergarten provides opportunities to:
· Develop communication and literacy skills
· Develop independence and responsibilities to gain confidence and a feeling of self-worth
· Learn social skills such as listening and respecting other people’s ideas
· Build self-awareness and respect for others
· Learn to be creative
· Experience maths, social studies and science
· Use technology
· Discover the joy of learning
· Make new friends
Children learn these skills through a play-based curriculum where they are able to make choices and share in decision making.
Children are provided with the opportunity to develop caring relationships with adults as well as friendships with other children. The best outcomes for children are achieved when kindergarten staff and parents work in close partnership.
Support for parents
Kindergarten gives families and carers the opportunity to get to know other families. Talk with kindergarten staff to get help with any concerns about your child and to celebrate your child’s achievements. Attending kindergarten can also assist families whose child may need extra help. Through links to other local early childhood services kindergarten staff can help families to access a range of early years support services.
Supporting the transition from kindergarten to school
Attending kindergarten will help your child develop the skills necessary to flourish at school. All children attending a kindergarten program in the year before school will receive a Transition Learning and Development Statement.
Transition to school is not a point-in-time event, but an experience that extends from before the end of the kindergarten program and into the Prep year.
Your child’s Transition Learning and Development Statement will help your child’s Prep teacher to get to know your child before they start the new school year and to plan curriculum to support your child’s learning and development when they start school.
All children can attend kindergarten
Kindergarten is for all children. If your child has a disability or learning difficulty, the educators will talk with you about how the program and environment can support your child.
If you need support to enroll your child in a kindergarten program or to find a program that suits your family contact your local council.
The Victorian Government subsidies fees for some children so they can attend kindergarten for free or at low cost in the year before they start primary school, usually when they are four years old.
Your child is eligible if they:
- are an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
- are a triplet or quadruplet
- hold (or have a parent or guardian who holds) an eligible concession card or refugee, humanitarian or asylum seeker visa.
Ask your child’s kindergarten educator or phone ECKA for further information. P: 5339 5055.
Free kindergarten for three-year-olds
The Victorian Government subsidies fees for some children so they can attend kindergarten for free two years before they start primary school, usually when they are three years old.
Your child is eligible to attend free kindergarten if they are at least
three years old by 30 April and:
- are an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander, or
- are known to Child Protection, or referred by Child Protection to Child FIRST.
If your child has had a free program two years before school, they can attend a four-year-old program the next year for free or at low cost.
Ask your child’s kindergarten educator or service manager for more information about free kindergarten programs for three-year-olds.
Choosing a kindergarten program – This information sheet has advice about choosing a kindergarten program – that suits your family and choosing the best time for your child to start kindergarten.